Data last updated22 June 2021

South and Central America

Diabetes report 2010 — 2045

The IDF South and Central America (SACA) Region consists of 19 countries and territories. Estimates for diabetes prevalence in adults aged 20–79 years were taken from 27 data sources from 16 countries. Only Uruguay had a study conducted within the past five years. Estimates for Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Guatemala, Honduras and Nicaragua were based on studies that used oral glucose tolerance tests (OGTT). Diabetes prevalence figures for other countries may be underestimated. Estimates of the number of children and adolescents with type 1 diabetes in SACA were derived from studies in 12 countries.

Key Messages

At a glance 2010201920302045
Diabetes estimates (20-79 y)
People with diabetes, in 1,000s17,958.031,638.840,214.649,068.4
Age-adjusted comparative prevalence of diabetes, %
People with undiagnosed diabetes, in 1,000s-13,270.6--
Proportion of people with undiagnosed diabetes, %-41.9--
Impaired glucose tolerance (IGT) estimates (20-79 y)
People with IGT, in 1,000s21,173.033,945.740,989.748,093.4
Age-adjusted comparative prevalence of IGT, %7.59.710.310.7
Mortality attributable to diabetes (20-79 y)
Deaths attributable to diabetes171,302.0243,175.0--
Proportion of diabetes-related deaths in people under 60 y, %-43.5--
Type 1 diabetes estimates in children and adolescents
New cases of type 1 diabetes (0-14 y), in 1,000s5.89.9--
New cases of type 1 diabetes (0-19 y), in 1,000s-12.3--
Type 1 diabetes (0-14 y), in 1,000s36.968.4--
Type 1 diabetes (0-19 y), in 1,000s-127.2--
Hyperglycaemia in pregnancy (HIP) (20-49 y)
Live births affected by HIP-1,017,974.4--
Prevalence of gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM), %-13.5--
Live births affected by other types of diabetes first detected in pregnancy-74,541.5--
Live births affected by other types of diabetes detected prior to pregnancy-103,914.6--
Diabetes-related health expenditure
Total diabetes-related health expenditure, USD million8,051.869,717.580,383.785,708.7
Total diabetes-related health expenditure, ID million17,273.8127,699.5147,104.5156,942.7
Mean diabetes-related health expenditure per person, USD344.02,339.8--
Mean diabetes-related health expenditure per person, ID737.04,285.7--
Total adult population (20-79 y), in 1,000s286,922.0335,135.7380,970.8416,956.0
Population of children (0-14 y), in 1,000s129,587.0119,459.4--
Population of children and adolescents (0-19 y), in 1,000s-160,798.1--

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South and Central America Region diabetes data

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